Defense and Internal Security in the Americas

Luc Capdevila and Michael Stricof (des). Defense and Internal Security in the Americas. IdeAs. Idées d’Amérique, 20 | 2022. DOI: 10.4000/ideas.13205

Link to the journal: https://journals.openedition.org/ideas/13205

Defense in the Americas has been conceived since the 19th century at global, continental, national and local scales. However, the hemispheric dimension of defense is unique to the Americas. It is a fact that organizes inter-American and international relations, in which asymmetrical power has created major tensions and conflicts for two centuries. The other fact that characterizes the history of defense in the Americas is that it is simultaneously at the intersection of global and local scales, taking form in a structural articulation between defense and internal security.

The articles in this issue tackle defense and internal security by studying institutions and groups, definitions of external and internal enemies and links between security and economy. The question of the relationship between politics and military forces is raised throughout, sometimes explicitly in terms of civil-military relations, or between business interests and defense. Similarly, how security is conceived or defined by political and military groups is one of the main topics of the issue. As the articles demonstrate, these relationships and links are often most evident in border areas or during periods of political upheaval or after unexpected violence brings new threats into view.

Contents:

Luc Capdevila and Michael Stricof

Defense and Internal Security in the Americas (introduction)

Andrés Zambrano

La défense nationale comme justification de l’action politique. Le prétorianisme au Venezuela 1958-2022

Adriana Barreto de Souza

Conserver, pacifier, coloniser : la création de l’armée brésilienne au XIXe siècle

Matias Sanchez Barberan

Hombres para defender la República contra la agresión extranjera. Voluntarios, enganchados y levados en la guerra hispano-peruana (1864-1865)

Ibrahim Bechrouri

Guerre intestine ou querelle de clocher ? Le FBI et le NYPD après le 11 septembre 2001

Cléa Fortuné

La gestion de la frontière États-Unis/Mexique par les acteurs publics et privés : vers une accélération de la privatisation de la sécurité

María José Rodríguez Rejas

La (in)seguridad interior a debate. Capitalismo de guerra y retos para la construcción de la paz (la experiencia mexicana)

David G. Haglund

Of Canaries and Ropes: Theoretical and Policy Dilemmas Stemming from Canada’s Huawei 5G Networks Saga

Charles Capela

Colombie post-accord de paix : gouvernement Duque (2018-2022) et sécurisation de la région frontalière avec le Venezuela

Mario Ranalletti

La noción de “grupo de tareas” y su pertinencia en el estudio de la represión clandestina en Argentina (1975-1983), a partir de una revisión de la literatura sobre paramilitarismo

Laure Gillot-Assayag

« The Most Wanted Fugitive » : Angela Davis et la reconfiguration de l’ennemi intérieur (1969-1972)